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The art of basket weaving

4f7a9fb5b1d02Basket weaving - a production of domestic and artistic products of various elastic materials, one of the oldest crafts. It arose as ceramics, before finishing wood, metal, requiring appropriate means of production. It traces found by archaeologists in the Neolithic. The oldest monuments of Ukrainian weaving originated from the late eighteenth century and early nineteenth centuries and stored in museums of Kyiv, Lviv and other cities.

Wicker goods from a rod - one of the oldest industries in Ukraine, the process is long and laborious. Products used for storage, transport and transfer products for making fences, utility rooms. Traditional weaving cover a wide scope of subjects from the elements of construction, furniture to small items and toys. Weaving was dull and tracery. Openwork weave used mainly for weaving furniture. In the early 30s with weaving handicrafts turned into factory production.

 Weaving developed in those areas where growing vine. It pliable to the bending and bending or the combination does not break. For centuries accumulating material processing techniques for weaving, ability to use its feasibility and artistic features.

Characteristic features of wicker products is that they are light, comfortable, very durable and can be used in different environmental conditions. The basis of design forms of objects is their practical feasibility. The most common is making baskets, flowers, bread bins, stands for vases, bottles, trays.

In many parts of Hutsul folk artists specializing in the manufacture of wickerwork furniture - tables of various shapes, chairs, cabinets, book shelves, beds. Wicker furniture all associated with a particular home comfort. These things create that emotional atmosphere that seemed forever sunk into oblivion together with the past, measured and quiet life, old mansions and touching Tea Party under flowering apple trees. Wicker goods conditional form 6 genera: furniture, decorative plastic household items, baskets, clothes and toys.

4f79a1036bcb9Preparation vines in autumn for two months. Stem vines should be 1200-1500 cm in length. Once cut vines, stems bind in bundles up to 10 kg. To obtain the necessary raw beams need to boil for two hours. Therefore stems manually cleaned of bark, mainly during cleaning - not to damage the stem and dried in special drying. Store raw materials in the room, constantly ventilated. Ventilation - one of the prerequisites rod storage. Before you begin the process of weaving, rod again soaked in water for two hours. Only after that you can use to work (it is suitable for processing).

There are several types of binding:

Simple weaving through a rack (this method is mainly zaplitayetsya wall products)

Simple weaving through several racks (and in this way confirms the record)

Layered weaving (weaving is formed by several rods in one riser)

Weaving rows

Square weave

Weaving shnurochkamy

Weaving "zalinki"

Weaving oblique (this type of finish weaving baskets walls and other items)

Openwork binding (binding open cells)

Diamond weave

Weaving closed shapes.

Decorative folk art of weaving - original art of Ukrainian folk art.

Artistic basis it is reasonable balance of tradition and innovation, collectivity and individuality in the creative process. Folk art weaving characterized vyvirenistyu, clarity and flawless perfection. This is the result of work of many generations, artistic tradition that has absorbed the experience of the past. 

Technology weaving.

There are several types (fixed) binding. The easiest - weaving one end. This method basically zaplitayetsya wall products. In a closed loop (circle, oval) and continuous weaving stoyachkiv number must be odd.

Spin one end can not only through one stoyachok-- one in front, the other behind, but in a different order one front, two rear, one behind two front, two behind the front two.

Weaving the two ends of ordinary use in continuous weaving with an even number of struts.

Weaving the two ends of rope - this method is used at the beginning of weaving, as this method in a single pass fixed, fixed in a particular position, and to separate one from the other type of weaving.

4f7aa3f8433edWeaving three ends (rope three bars).

This type of weaving used to design the beginning or end of weaving, and to separate one from another type of weaving. Sometimes it is used for continuous weave, when you get a beautiful thing.

Weaving paired rod.

Start weaving this way you should start with 2-3 ropes in two or three rods.

Weaving start with komelkiv. Two rods komelkamy wind stoyachok by one and then go around stoyachok front and two rear stoyachok three displays on the outside. The next two rods for wind stoyachok, braid in stoyachkah and display on the outside. Thus two interwoven twigs to each stoyachka. Then each pair zaplitayetsya over the next two and stoyachky until no end rods.

All couples need to round rods number stoyachkiv.


Weaving braids.

Pigtail ends of the uprights weave so. The extreme left riser bend on the outside right next to him placed two rods of the same length and thickness of the risers; koshlevi end inside to produce 2.5-3 mm. Between the second and third struts lay two rods releasing koshlevi end outside and inside vertex.

Then they pressed the other end of the riser, zahynayuchy them out right: the end of the third riser bend as well as the end of the first, and next to him put two rods koshlevymy ends inside. So with additional rods one side double drawn, and the second - triple end. Further work is weaving braids, two bars and three right - left. With the translated three rods left after turning them right intertwine only two rods, and the third cut. After the disappearance ends weaving braids should pull out all the rods, and in their place the end of the stretch woven risers. Waybill pigtail weave three or four pairs of rods simple weaving, shifting bars to the right to the left.

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