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Tradition lizhnykarstva

Since ancient times the village of Yavoriv, ​​Ivano-Frankivsk region, which is in Hutsulshchyna, has been glorified by folk craftsmen. Painter, embroidery and woodcarving are widespread here. However, there is in the village. Yavorov and somewhat special. These bedding are woven woolen products, usually with a pattern that has fluffy pile on one or two sides. They are also called Hutsul blankets. Cribs are common in everyday life: they are covered with beds, lava, covered in winter. The cabinets are warm, good and useful. They are made of natural wool, so maybe a bit "bite". Do not be afraid of this, because such a natural massage stimulates blood circulation and improves health.
None of the locals will definitely say when the bedding began to be made. Are engaged in bedding from ancient times. The origin of tradition is closely related to sheep breeding. It was in this area that once were good conditions for keeping sheep, wool is the main material for the bedding.
At present, we make beds for every taste: single, one and a half bedroom and double, with complex patterns, colorful.
Those first products differed from modern ones. They were mostly monochrome - gray, white, black or striped, or they are also called self-made. To make a broad bed, we had to sew a few smaller ones, because the machines on which they spin were twice as narrow as modern ones. The current machine has a width of 1 meter.

 

Changes in the creation of bedding began in the twenties of the twentieth century. Improvement of the machine tool and weaving technology, made it possible to produce colored beds. The most popular colors are white, green, red and cherry. So began the mass production of bedding, and the world began to learn about the art of bedding. Already in the 30s of the last century, the climbers were exhibitions abroad, in particular in America and Poland.
In Soviet times, at the Hutsulshchyna production plants located in the city of Kosov, souvenir workshops with. Yavoriv, ​​Brestori, woven bedspreads with complex patterns. Each year, women drew drawings and patterns, from them they chose the four or five best ones and handed it to masters for manufacturing and replicas.
Today, bedding with a simple ornament, for example, cross-strapping tricolor, is in great demand. To make such a bed faster and easier, it costs less, and, accordingly, is in high demand.
The popularity of the bedding does not disappear, many people are engaged in their manufacture. In the village There are about 60 craftsmen working in Yavorov, who constantly make beds for sale. They are taken weekly to the bazaar to Kosovo or sold via online stores.

https://ukrainer.net/karpatskyj-lizhnyk/

 

писанкарство

 

Village on our Ukraine,
As if the village easter ...


So genius Taras Shevchenko compares the beauty and charm of his native land with Easter eggs that were anciently synonymous homeland, strength and indestructibility of our people. Easter egg - a symbol of Ukraine, the memory of his native land, native land, in the land of charm.

The manufacture of clothing is a branch of the artistic textile and furry industry engaged in the manufacture of clothing for the purpose of its use in everyday life, ritual traditions, folk art and as objects of decorative and applied arts.
Hutsul's clothing is a complete set of clothing that includes linen, shirts, hats, outerwear and other items from fabrics, knitwear, fur, leather and other materials.
In the structure of clothing manufacturing in Halytska Hutsulshchyna it is possible to distinguish between gowns, shoulder dresses, waistcoats, women's outerwear, clothing accessories, and headgear.

The apparel, in particular women's and men's shirts, is being manufactured today in Kosiv, Bileberezivsky, Brusturovsky, Iltsevsky, Kostaksky, Kryvorivnyansky, Rychkovsky, Sheshory, Yavorivskiy centers, and 14 middle ones (Babynsky, Bukovetsky, Verkhnyasenivsky, Golovyvskyi, Gorodiansky, Zamagoryevsky, Prokurava, Kutsky, Snidivsky, Sokolovsky, Tyudivsky, Chornoslavsky, Shepitsky, Yablunytsky); 20 small centers (Akreshirsky, V. Rozhensky, Verhovinskorm, Vorokhtiansky, Grinyavsky, Dovgopil, Zelensky, Krasnytsky, Krasnoylsky, Kryvopilsky, Mikulichinsky, Crossroads, Pistynsky, Roztokivsky, Usteritsky, Utoropsky, Black Stream, Yablunytsky, Yablunivskyi, Yaremchansky) and 27 points (Verkhnyoberezivsky, Lyuchivsky, Lyuchansky, M. Rozhensky, Nizhnyoberezivsky, Srednioberezivskom, Tekuchansky, Barvinkovsky, Berezhnytsky, Bistretsky, Burkutsky, Vygodivskyi, Golosh sky, Rivnyanskomu, Stebnyanskomu, Bystrytsky Bilooslavskomu, Dorivskomu, Zharivskomu, Zelensky, Klempushivskomu, Maksymetskomu, Polyanytskomu, Prychilskomu, Tatarivskomu, Chernitsky, Cheremoshnyanskomu).

Shoulder clothes. Shoulder or breastplate women's clothing almost did not differ from men's. Directly on a shirt, Hutsuls wear a breastpiece that protects and adorns the upper part of the figure.
One of the components

of folk costumes is sleeveless jackets - jackets that sew from sheep's skin. According to ornaments, coloring, and the method of laying appliqués, captresses in Hutsulshchyna are divided into Kosiv, Verkhovyna, Kostak, Delyatin, Vorhityan. Verhovinskie captresses are embroidered with colorful woolen laces with the advantage of green color. The decorations of the Pestinian, Yavoriv and Kosiv captresses are placed in such a way as to emphasize their design.
The edges of the captresses are framed by a black sheep's stomach. The captains of Nadvirna Rayon, in particular the Delyatinschiny, are decorated with patterns of colored silk threads and metal beading. Babynsky, river, and Sokolivskie are distinguished by a peculiar ornament and color.
In the Babini village the technique of sewing wool cords and embroidery of relief lines is prevailing. The main material of decoration of capers with. Rivers are threads that are embroidered with a simple ornament, enriching patterns with colorful woolen buttons.
Capri with Folk music by the cut and the ornaments are called with the Babyns and rivers.

         

Blooming clothes (stock, belt, wicker). One of the most ancient of its types is unbreakable waistband - stockings. The stock consists of two longitudinal sheets, mainly of wool fabric, with ties in the upper part. Dressed on top of the shirt in front and behind so that the luminescence through which the shirt looks is on both sides.
At conducting the dissertation research it was established that waistcoats are made in 15 settlements and 76 people are employed in production.
On the territory of the region, the manufacture of outerwear is presented in Kosiv, Bileberezivsky, Brusturovsky, Iltsevsky, Kosmak, Kryvorivnyanskyy large centers, 7 medium, 9 small and 8 points. He is engaged in the manufacture of outerwear 101 master.
Addition to clothing is the manufacture of knitted socks - "slippers". Skirts are embroidered with woolen threads. In each center and point there are craftsmen who knit them out of colored wool.
Production of hats is represented by two types: riveting and craft. Klepanya - a winter hatchets' cap of red or dark blue cloth, trimmed with sheepskin and felted with fox fur.
Kresanaya - a black felt hat and hutsul.
Today, the main centers of production of hats have been Krasnoyalla, Kryvopillia, Kryvorivnya and Kosiv.

 

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Although common motifs and genres Easter eggs in Hutsulia stanovylysya centuries and are deeply rooted in folk art. But that does not mean that art has a unique pattern of Easter eggs. There's every village, every talented master pysankar, makes this area something different, original, original Hutsul enriching this art form.

4f16a9d4c17d5Glorious center of Easter eggs in Hutsulia was Kosmach, because there just were unfavorable conditions for agriculture. Pysanka in Hutsulia - it was not simply an expression of love for this art, and often livelihood. Especially women GUTSULKA spetsiyalizuvalysya in this area i often have large families prop to help maintain male mtn family and create at least some minimal welfare.

Kosmatski masters Easter eggs achieved a great artistic perfection and once famous for a Gutsulschinu. Easter eggs here were extremely miniyaturnyy pattern of pale golden-orange kolorytom. At the time of Polish occupation Hutsul smart profiteers and speculators amassed large estates on kosmatskyh egg. They bought their mass and exported to various countries in Europe and overseas, and hutsuly performing this work, naymizernishu received payment for their work.

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