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Art of metal (metal working) - the industry that manufactures metal products (copper, brass, bronze), to be used in everyday life, ritual traditions, as objects of decorative art.

From generation to generation craftsmen created a wide range of metal objects from everyday needed in the household knives and steel, up to complex products such as "zhardy", "purse" and so on.

Among the Hutsul people demand and were distributed not only women's jewelry, "zhardy", "rustling", "Chepraga", "their cauls," "throat", "wedding" - but men pectoral crosses, rings for scarves, badges for hats and more. Master-mosyazhnyky made iholnyky, sophisticated knives, luskorihy, axes and guns, pistols and shotguns silicon.

In the second half of the nineteenth century, with the penetration of market forms of production at Gutsulschinu craftsmen begin to make its products mainly for sale, are less likely to implementing them by barter. Sproduyuchy their products at fairs or indirectly, they adapt to the conditions of the art market. As a result, new products, household extrinsic mountaineers, such as: cigarette, cassettes.

Masters Hutsul used soft and fusible metals (copper, brass, zinc, tin), gold and silver were not available. So they did alloys, its color imitating precious metals.

The range of Hutsul masters a variety of products, women's jewelry, men's pectoral crosses, tobivky, sticks, smoking accessories, folding knives and simple, luskorihy, weapons.

To create a product master using images of animals that inhabit the forests surrounding the province.

The First World War interrupted the development of artistic metal, as many artists were mobilized for the war and missing material. The economic crisis that originated in Poland (1920-1930 gg.), Caused great damage to metal working.

Many artists emigrated to Europe and America. As of 1935 in the Carpathians remained approximately forty artists, and in 1938 works made of non-ferrous metals produced only six villages: Brusturi, Bihor, River, sycamore, Krivorivnya, Krasnoyilov and Zhab'yemu. After the war, production of folk crafts restores gang "Huzulschyna" in. Kosovo, which brings together except woodcarvers, folk artists and metal processing.

Products masters undergo major changes in the traditional fishery. Masters prohibited the manufacture and zґard pectoral cross. Production axes masters allowed only for exhibitions, which were souvenir character. Liquidation factory "Huzulschyna" in. Kosovo farm "Brusturivskyy" (p. Brusturi, Bihor) Kosovo artistic and production plant had negative consequences in the field of metal art.

Now in this fishery are the main foci: m. CBS, villages Biloberezka, Brusturi, Bihor, Kryvorivnya, river Sheshori, sycamore and others.

Regional features of development and dissemination of national art crafts Hutsul Galician: Author. Thesis. ... Candidate. Geography. Sciences: 11.00.02 / JS Wah; Czerny. nat. University of them. Fedkovych. - Chernivtsi, 2010.



Компанія ІТ-Експерт - Відеоспостереження. Ремонт комп’ютерів, ноутбуків, офісної техніки, обслуговування офісів з виїздом до клієнта. GSM-сигналізації